Mixing line analysis of clouds and cloudy boundary layers.
The diagnostic study of the thermodynamic structure of nonprecipitating clouds and cloudy boundary layers is formulated using a mixing line and saturation point approach. A parametric model for the mean structure is developed as a tool for diagnostic and prognostic modeling. Cloud-scale mixing process are analyzed in the same framework, together with the energetics of the evaporative instability in cumulus clouds. A velocity scale emerges for this evaporative instability. The statistical study of saturation level distribution in partially cloudy boundary layers is proposed to related cloud fraction to the mean thermodynamic mixing processes.
Betts, A. K., 1985: Mixing line analysis of clouds and cloudy boundary layers. J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2751 2763.